Important Cat Care Tips:
Pilling a Cat: Wrap the cat in a towel. Open the mouth and insert tablet. Using the eraser end of a pencil, tap the back of the throat to stimulate the swallowing reflex. Quickly withdraw pencil and tap cap’s nose. When the cat licks its nose, it swallows the pill. Another way is to open the mouth with one hand and use forceps or tweezers to drop the tablet deep into the cat’s throat. Withdraw the forceps quickly and tap the cat’s nose, the job is done.
Exercise: Outdoor cats get much more exercise than indoor cats do, since their social habits keep them patrolling and defending their territories constantly. To stimulate indoor cats to be more playful, provide scratching posts, catnip, and other toys suspended from a string. Two cats will exercise and play together.
Preventing and Controling Worms: Give your cat a heart worm pill once a month, year-round. Prevention and control of intestinal parasites can be complex; multiple infections are common, so specific diagnosis by a veterinarian is essential. Usually this is best done by microscopic examination of a stool specimen.
Steps to Control Parasitic Infection:
Fleas and Other External Parasites: Cats are susceptible to many external parasites that live on or are embedded in the surface of the skin. Fleas, lice, ticks, and mange mites are the most common pests. Most are easy to control with systematic treatment.
Fleas: Fleas are especially troublesome where the climate is humid. Their bites may cause an initial local reaction, but as cats become more sensitized to flea bites, a more generalized reaction may occur, usually rashes that appear on certain parts of the skin. Eliminating fleas from your cat and home can be accomplished with a commercial products, including powders, sprays and collars.
Ticks: Common in woods, fields, and sandy beaches, ticks attach themselves to the skin, especially around the ears and toes. Ticks can be removed with powders or can be picked off individually. Never use the tip of a hot cigarette to burn the tick. The easiest way to remove it is to dab the tick with alcohol for several minutes, and them pull it off gently with tweezers.
Lice: These tiny parasites causes intense itching, but are easily controlled with flea powders or sprays repeated weekly for three of four applications. Look for dandruff-like eggs attached to the hair shafts and adult lice on the surface of the skin.
Mange Mites: Several types can afflict cats. Some live in the ears or on the surface of the skin. They are contagious and cause intense itching. They are quite easily cured by insecticides. Ear mites are common in kittens, which produce a black granular discharge in the ear canal. Cleaning the ears daily with mineral oil and dusting the kitten with flea powder usually solves the problem.
Grubs: Cutevebra larvae, or grubs, are wormlike parasites that may affect dittens during the late summer. Evidence of this pest is a lump with a slight hole in the center, usually in the skin around the kitten’s neck or chest. The moving grub is about three-fourths of an inch long and may be seen at the entrance to the hole. Treatment requires anesthesia and veterinary care.